Photo models/guinea pigs: Cristi Farrell and Brienne Thomson. Photography by Kevin Wing.

Guys are sometimes (accurately) accused of erring on the side of “bigger is better.” But the rest of us have long understood that the bigger-is-better approach isn’t always best; that lightweight and inexpensive bikes are more approachable and accessible, and that 1,000-plus cc’s are not necessary for adventure.

Manufacturers are responding enthusiastically, bringing smaller models to our shores that transcend the “beginner bike” label, building competent machines that will please even experienced riders.

A few years ago in its Indian homeland, Royal Enfield quietly began selling its first purpose-built adventure bike, the 411cc Himalayan, and when word got out the American ADV community begged Royal Enfield North America to bring it stateside. Kawasaki got here first with its pint-sized version of the popular Versys street-biased ADV series, the Versys-X 300, last year. Then BMW, with its GS line of ADV bikes continuing to lead its U.S. sales, teased a tiny GS, the G 310, finally bringing it to market earlier this year and narrowly beating the Himalayan to American dealerships.

Kawasaki Versys-X 300
Despite spoked wheels and tube-type tires, the Versys-X 300 is the most street-oriented bike of the bunch. Photo by Kevin Wing.

Brienne’s Gear
Helmet: Schuberth E1
Suit: Aerostich Roadcrafter 3
Boots: TCX
Tail Bag: Chase Harper

So here we are, with three variations on the mini-ADV theme: a liquid-cooled, racy 296cc parallel twin (Versys-X 300), an air-cooled, SOHC, 411cc single (Himalayan) and a sophisticated, liquid-cooled 313cc single (G 310 GS). Deciding who does it best will likely depend on what exactly you want “it” to be, as each machine definitely has its own personality and approach to adventure “touring.”

Befitting their do-it-all natures, our test involved just about everything: long freeway drones, commuting and grocery-getting, ripping up the canyons and, of course, some rough dirt roads and truck trails. With sub-400-pound load capacities (and pint-sized engines), these are bikes best suited to a single rider plus luggage, so we strapped on soft tail bags to assess capacities and attachment point convenience.

To that end, the BMW and Kawi both offer a wide, long, flat pillion seat/rear rack platform with plenty of tie-down points (though the Beemer might have a slight edge), while the Himalayan’s small pillion and even smaller rack offers much less space. Adding Royal Enfield’s or other accessory side racks for saddlebags would be the best option.

Royal Enfield Himalayan
Purpose-built to crawl up insane passes in its namesake mountain range, the Himalayan is ready to carry you anywhere you want to go. Photo by Kevin Wing.

Jenny’s Gear
Helmet: Shoei Hornet X2
Jacket & Pants: Olympia Expedition
Boots: Sidi Deep Rain
Tail Bag: Firstgear

It’s also worth noting that while these are small bikes, they aren’t all necessarily “beginner” bikes. The BMW especially, with its 32.9-inch seat, rev-happy engine and off-road handling that might be described as either nimble or skittish, depending on experience, is likely to be more appealing to an intermediate rider than to one who is brand new to dirt riding.

The Himalayan, on the other hand, inspires confidence both on- and off-road with its long, low stability and broad, easy to modulate torque curve. On the off-road portion of our photo shoot day, which took place in a local OHV area, our path went from rough hardpack to loose, rocky ascents and descents, and our photo model with the least dirt experience gravitated to the tractor-like Himalayan.

Thanks to a low center of gravity, it’s easy to maintain balance even when crawling along at jogging speed. On pavement, the Himalayan is just as stable and forgiving as it is off-road, and its counterbalanced single is surprisingly smooth all the way to its 6,500 rpm redline.

The Kawi is another beginner-friendly ride, and one test rider with a 29-inch inseam was able to touch with both feet at stops, but its tallish 32.1-inch seat could be daunting to others more vertically challenged. Off-road its shorter suspension travel and high-revving engine hold it back.

For off-road duty, the G 310 GS's ABS can be switched off completely on the fly, but the Versys-X 300's cannot be shut off—unless you buy the non-ABS version. ABS isn't an option on the Himalayan, but we may see it in the future.
For off-road duty, the G 310 GS’s ABS can be switched off completely on the fly, but the Versys-X 300’s cannot be shut off—unless you buy the non-ABS version. ABS isn’t an option on the Himalayan, but we may see it in the future. Photo by Kevin Wing.

After getting dirty at the OHV park we hunted down some twisties, where the Versys-X 300 and G 310 GS showed their stuff. The Kawi’s shorter, stiffer suspension and steeper rake promise quickness, but I felt faster on the BMW, perhaps due to its short wheelbase and a more front-loaded weight distribution.

The G 310 GS’s engine uses a unique (among street bikes) design, rotating the cylinder 180 degrees and canting it backwards, pushing the heavy, rotating mass of the engine down and forward. Brakes on both are decent, with the edge going to the sporty BMW and its 4-piston radial-mount ByBre (Brembo’s Indian subsidiary) front caliper, although the Kawi’s 2-piston floating Nissin does the job too.

Both bikes leave the Himalayan behind in the twisties; even though the Indian beast out-pulls both of them, it’s just too slow-steering. Its long-stroke single makes less horsepower than the BMW and Kawasaki—a claimed 24.5 at redline compared to 34 on the BMW and 39 on the Kawi—but its torque advantage is significant: a claimed 26 lb-ft, which is about 27 percent more than the others. This is most noticeable when churning up hills and over rocks off-road, and cruising around town or squirting through traffic.

BMW G 310 GS
It’s probably the least “tour ready” of the trio, but the G 310 GS’s sporty capability in any environment make it fun and versatile for shorter trips. Photo by Kevin Wing.

Cristi’s Gear
Helmet: Arai XD4
Jacket & Pants: Rev’It Tornado 2
Boots: Sidi Adventure GTX
Tail Bag: Cortech

While both the BMW and Kawi require a “ride it like you stole it” wrist-twisting mentality (and their resulting howls attract more attention than I’d prefer), the RE burbles its way around with easy confidence. It offers up its torque when you need it and doles most of it out before the Kawi’s powerband has even kicked in at 6,000 rpm.

Out on the open road though, it’s the horsepower-happy Versys-X 300 that shines. Its parallel twin, lifted directly from the Ninja 300, is geared quite high, and in sixth gear it will cruise happily at 80 mph (and 9,800 rpm!) with more on tap if you need it. The rock-hard seat is the only detriment to an otherwise freeway savvy machine. The 5-speed Himalayan is smoother, loping along buzz-free at 70 mph—it’ll give you more, but is tapped out at 85. The 6-speed, naked BMW, meanwhile, will cruise in the 80s or above, but after an hour of chest-pounding wind the rider might not be as keen to continue.

G 310 GS Versys-X 300 Himalayan
The BMW’s (left) cast wheels (with a 19-inch front) and tubeless tires are road-friendly, although it holds its own off-road with plush suspension and nimble handling. If most of your adventures will be of the dirty variety, the Royal Enfield (middle) and its 21-inch front wheel, 9 inches of ground clearance and steadfast character will get you there—just not quickly. The Kawasaki (right), meanwhile, has the heart of a sportbike, although it’s perfectly capable of handling forest or gravel roads as well. Photo by Kevin Wing.

So which mini-ADV is “best?” All are competent and comfortable on-road. Serious off-roaders who aren’t in a hurry should look closer at the Himalayan (but do consider the distance to your nearest dealer—RE currently has 75 nationwide and says it’s adding 2-3 per month, and has taken steps to improve reliability). For a 50/50 mix of street and dirt the G 310 GS is a good pick, and for its street chops the Versys-X 300 (with ABS) is hard to beat.

Get a closer look at each bike below:

2018 Kawasaki Versys-X 300
2018 BMW G 310 GS
2018 Royal Enfield Himalayan

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  1. The Women’s Motorcyclist Foundation, Inc. is in the process of building a small fleet of light weight maneuverable dual sport bikes with which to host dual sport training tours. We jumped early on the chance to add the Royal Enfield Himalayan to the stable. Liking its torque and stability, we are now in the process of buying a second Himalayan model to give us six light weight dual sports.

    Buying the Himalayan model, riding it has told us we can enjoy them on the street but we prefer it in the dirt, the main reason we purchased it. We will likely change our the tires to 70-80% dirt/ 30-20% street. The Himalayan is a true work horse. Just what we needed for our target audience of new to dirt to intermediate level dual sport sport riders.

    Sincerely, Sue Slate – National Programs Chair / Women’s Motorcyclist Foundation, Inc.


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